The Art of Carpet Cleaning

Cleaning a carpet is an art. Like any art, there’s a lot of things you have to learn to keep out of your conscious thoughts, but still, understand. Much like gesture in sketching the human body or contrast when choosing colours, there are things about carpet cleaning you must learn as you work.


So, with help from our friends from, we’re here to outline important terms in the art of carpet cleaning.


First, learn what blooming means. When carpet fibres begin to untwist, that’s what blooming is. This can happen due to the wrong heat in the environment, inadequate cleaning or maintenance, or just the wear and tear that occurs naturally.


Carpet tiles are a different type of carpet from wall to wall. These are individual squares, usually found in commercial settings. They’re very durable and robust in colour or texture. The design makes them easy to remove for maintenance, cleaning, or repair.


Crushing – sometimes known as matting – is when the fibres are bent or compressed. With time, all carpets end up crushed. A maintenance program can delay this, however.


When a carpet cleaning team speaks of a “denier,” they’re not thinking about the Biblical Thomas. What they’re talking about is the total amount of yarn per carpet area. A carpet with more denier has a higher thread count.


DEC means dirt encapsulation cleaning. It’s a way of cleaning carpets, usually requiring little moisture. It’s also proprietary, so not every cleaning company can use it.


Fibers are what the carpet is made of, no matter what material is used. Some of them will be synthetic fibres, while others are natural. Different fibres may warrant different cleaning methods and tools. Some cleansers might be too strong for wool, for instance, but work fine on nylon.


When high-traffic carpets get wear and tear or are damaged by poor cleaning methods, they fray. When this occurs, the fibres are damaged, and the texture can change.


Hot water extraction is the recommended cleaning process. This avoids damage to the carpet, as well as breaks down the soil and grime deep in the fibres.


A Maintenance Program is a schedule of cleaning and restoration that is done to carpeting. These are usually personalised, adjusted, so the specifics meet the needs of the carpet and the setting. These are meant for commercial buildings, office spaces, and other facilities.


Padding is the cushioning of the carpet, the layer sitting between the carpet itself and the floor.


A pile is the visible portion of the fibres. A pile reversal is when a high-traffic area causes the threads to bend in multiple directions. This is sometimes called shading.


Resilience is the ability to resist crushing.


Rippling is damage caused by humidity or heat. It usually causes a wave-like pattern to appear, and will often hit wall to wall carpeting. The easiest way to correct this is to call a contractor or a specialist, as this is an involved process best done by professionals.


We hope that this helps you figure out what various terms mean when you talk to your carpet cleaner.